Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

48th Annual Convention; Boston, MA; 2022

Event Details


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Poster Session #525
CSS Monday Poster Session: Even-Numbered Posters
Monday, May 30, 2022
2:00 PM–3:00 PM
Exhibit Level; Exhibit Hall A
Chair: Sarah M. Richling (Auburn University)
60. Behavioral Science Meets Public Health
Area: CSS; Domain: Theory
JONATHAN A. SCHULZ (University of Vermont), Traci M. Cihon (University of North Texas), Kyosuke Kazaoka (University of North Texas), Francesca Ramírez (National University of San Marcos; Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica), Nikol Mayo (National University of San Marcos; Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica), Patricia I. Wright (ProofPositive: Autism Wellbeing Alliance )
Discussant: Sarah M. Richling (Auburn University)
Abstract: Behavioral scientists have posited for years a science of human behavior can improve public health, and a recent special issue in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis has highlighted behavior analytic work in this area. However, formal collaboration between public health professionals and behavior analysis remains scarce, and “public health” is not an option for area of professional emphasis in the profile on the Board Certified Behavior Analyst website, for a program area in conferences, nor is there a public health Special Interest Group. The purpose of this poster is to demonstrate the utility of behavioral science in public health and broaden our scope of practice by exploring the ways that behavioral scientists and public health professionals can collaborate and learn from one another to implement the 10 Essential Services of Public Health to affect population level outcomes. We will provide a behavior analytic conceptualization of the social determinants of health and link this analysis to a Healthy People 2030 objective. We will present future directions related to collaborating with public health professionals and ways behavioral scientists can ethically expand their scope of practice to public health.
 
66. Exploring the Effects of Cultural Consequences Identified through a Ranking Task on the Interlocking Behavioral Contingencues of Ethically Self-Controlled Responses
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
CHELSEA CHRISTINA ELWOOD (University of North Texas), Traci M. Cihon (University of North Texas), Kyosuke Kazaoka (University of North Texas)
Discussant: Sarah M. Richling (Auburn University)
Abstract: Previous literature has defined ethical self-control as a type of individual self-control that also has benefits to the social group and environment. This study explored the effects of cultural consequences identified through a ranking task on the selection of interlocking behavioral contingencies and aggregate products constituting ethically self-controlled responses when participants had pre-existing relationships. Two experiments were conducted to explore these effects. Experiment 1 had two Triads of three participants each recruited from a university-based autism center. Experiment 2 had three Triads of three participants each; participants in Triads 3 and 4 were recruited from a university-based rock-climbing club while participants in Triad 5 were recruited from the same university-based autism center as in Experiment 1. All participants were exposed to a task that involved choosing odd or even rows from a matrix displayed throughout the experimental session. Individual contingencies were programmed in all conditions while metacontingencies were programmed in some conditions. Participants selected the topography of the cultural consequence through a pre-experimental ranking task prior to the onset of the experimental session. A change was made to the experimenter’s verbal behavior in all Operant and Metacontingency conditions for Experiment 2. The results of both experiments indicate that identification of the cultural consequence through a ranking task with participants having pre-existing relationships did have an effect on the continued selection of the cultural consequence across all Triads with quicker selection occurring during Experiment 2. This study extends the current literature on ethical self-control and provides new procedures and designs to further understand the variables involved in the selection of cultural consequences when there is competition with an immediate operant consequence.
 
 

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