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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Symposium #62
CE Offered: BACB
Behavior Analysis to Assist the Military
Wednesday, November 15, 2017
9:00 AM–9:50 AM
Studio DE, Niveau 2
Area: CBM/CSS; Domain: Applied Research
CE Instructor: Darlene E. Crone-Todd, Ph.D.
Chair: Laurie Dickstein-Fischer (Assistant Professor & Program Coordinator for School Counseling School of Education Salem State University)
Discussant: Karola Dillenburger (Queen's University Belfast)
Abstract: Armies across the world have used both respondent and operant conditioning in initial training and task implementation for millennia. However, no military organization credits its use of such conditioning in the training of its troops. Grossman (On Killing, 1996), in his retrospective analysis of training is one of the very rare authors who stated that the US Army and Marine Corps rely on applications of the conditioning techniques of Pavlov and Skinner. The transition back to civilian life can prove difficult for those who have been deployed. The two studies presented here and their analyses are grounded in behavior analysis and standard celeration chart methodology. One presentation reports data from the US Air Force on suicide issues with deployed and returning troops. It also gives the estimated occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in all branches of the US military. Salem State University (Massachusetts, US) has implemented a program to assist returning military veterans with university success through the use of SAFMEDS cards (Say All Fast, Minute Every Day, Shuffled). Conclusions from both studies lead to the importance of using behavior analysis, both respondent and operant, with deployed and returning troops.
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Keyword(s): celeration chart, military veterans, SAFMEDS, suicide
Suicide and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Prevention in the Military
Kent A. Corso (NCR Behavioral Health, LLC), ABIGAIL B. CALKIN (Calkin Consulting Center), James Meador (Xcelerate Innovations, LLC; graduate student), Michael Kondis (Xcelerate Innovations, LLC.)
Abstract: Suicide, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are some of the current issues the US military. Even though US military suicides occur less frequently in the Air Force, Navy, Marines and Coast Guard than in the Army, data from the US Air Force is the most detailed and complete. All data, however, show that suicide remains an issue among US troops. Suicide rates have increased since deployments that came after 2001. PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) estimates remain about the same for troops returning from Vietnam and from the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, that is, between 18% and 25% of the returning veterans whether they are active duty, National Guard or reservists have PTSD. This presentation will include data displays from all branches of the US military and will include suicide, PTSD, and TBI data.
A Behavior-Based Intervention for Military Veteran University Students
DARLENE E. CRONE-TODD (Salem State University)
Abstract: Adjusting to an academic environment is challenging for many students, and especially the veteran student population. Transitions from military service to civilian life are often difficult due to a shifting role in identity and in the structure of the environments. Layering the challenges of beginning a new academic career and beginning their life as a student can be overwhelming. The goal of the current study was to provide students with a way to structure their time to become more effective at studying, and thus help with the adaptation to university. A series of workshops was developed that include instruction and practice using SAFMEDs (Say All Fast, Minute Each Day, Shuffled) and the PQ4R (Preview, Question, Read, Recite, Reflect, and Review) method. In this presentation, SAFMEDs fluency data will be presented along with an evaluation of the complexity of questions developed using the PQ4R method. In addition, discussion of longitudinal plans for evaluating and extending the workshop program will be included.



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