|A Recent on ABA to Improve Sports Performance|
|Monday, May 29, 2023|
|10:00 AM–10:50 AM |
|Hyatt Regency, Capitol Ballroom 5-7|
|Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research|
|Chair: Sharayah Tai (University of South Florida)|
|CE Instructor: Sharayah Tai, M.S.|
|Abstract: This symposium aims to disseminate some current research on the applications of behavior interventions within the context of various sports. The first presentation describes a comparison of video modeling and video modeling plus video feedback to improve goalkeeping skills for soccer players. The second presentation evaluates the use of video feedback to improve proper running form. The final presentation of this symposium will be presenting a review of recent research of the applications of ABA to enhance sports performance.|
|Instruction Level: Basic|
|Keyword(s): Sports Performance, Video Feedback, Video Modeling|
|Target Audience: Intermediate
junior BCBAs. • Behavior analysts within their first 5 years of practice, including practitioners, supervisors, etc. • Currently enrolled in or recently completed graduate-level work|
|Learning Objectives: (1) Describe the use of VM to teach athletic skills; (2) Describe video feedback applied in sports; (3) Describe ABA procedures used to enhance sports performance|
Training Goalkeeping Skill: Is Video Modeling Enough?
|RAYMOND MILTENBERGER (University of South Florida), Alexandra Capalbo (University of South Florida), Jennifer L Cook (University of Manitoba)|
Several studies have evaluated the effects of video modeling (VM) and video feedback (VF) on athletic performance. Although the effects of VF have been well researched, relatively scant literature exists assessing the effectiveness of VM alone in the sports literature. In one exception, Quinn et al. (2020) compared VM to VM+VF to train competitive dancers, showing only moderate effects for VM. Further evaluations of the potential for VM to improve sports’ skills is warranted because VM has successfully improved skills in other fields of practice (e.g., staff training, medical procedures), and has practical considerations for improvement using independent practice. Additionally, the application of behavior analytic interventions have not been evaluated for improving goalkeeping skills for individual soccer players. Therefore, we replicated Quinn et al. (2020), using a multiple baseline (MBL) design. Specifically, we used a MBL across behaviors to evaluate the effects of VM andVM+VF to train three goalkeeper skills to two 9-year-old soccer players. Our results showed that, although VM had some effect on performance compared to BL, VM+VF resulted in the robust outcomes necessary for proficient performance of the goalkeeper skills. Results will be discussed within the context of our findings and limitations.
|The Effects of Video Feedback on Running Form|
|MARIANA MORANTE (USF/LimitLess Minds), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida), Jennifer L Cook (University of Manitoba)|
|Abstract: Individuals should use proper form while running to prevent injuries. Running with rear- foot strikes (RFS) are associated with greater injury (e.g., Arendse et al., 2004; Daoud et al, 2012), while front-foot strikes (FFS) and mid-foot strikes (MFS) are found to produce less impact on a runner’s leg. Video feedback has improved athletic skill performance in a number of sports, which frequently targets athletic form (BenitezSantiago & Miltenberger, 2016; Kelley & Miltenberger, 2016; Schenk & Miltenberger, 2019). Proper running form is important for injury prevention and can promote continued engagement in running as a long-term form of exercise. A behavior analytic account of video feedback has been shown to be effective with a number of sports, but it has not been evaluated for improving running form. The purpose of this study will is to evaluate the effectiveness of video feedback to improve running form in experienced runners. During baseline, each participant was video recorded while running at a jogging pace, and no feedback was given. For the video feedback intervention, the researcher recorded the participant, then showed each participant the video and provided feedback on correct or incorrect form, according to the 9-step task analysis. Video feedback was shown to be effective on improving running form. All three participants achieved criterion during the feedback session, and it maintained during the follow-up phase.|
A Review of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Single Case Design Research to Enhance Sports Performance
|SHARAYAH TAI (University of South Florida), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida)|
This review focuses on the last 20 years of ABA research to enhance sports performance using single-case designs. This paper highlights the applications of ABA to enhance sports performance and improving skill acquisition, reviews the variety of sports and ABA procedures used, discusses results of follow-up data, and concludes by summarizing the history of ABA in sports research and providing recommendations for future directions.